The name ‘Dhanyal/Dhanial’ is derived from Mohazzam Shah which was the name of chief and famous Sufi saint of Lower Himalayas who shifted from Dhanni (old name of Chakwal) in late 12th century. Forefathers of Mohazzam Shah who were Arab Muslims – migrated from Iraq into Multan during the era of Muhammad Bin Qasim. Desandants of Mohazzam Shah ruled Multan state for about 190 years. Mohazzam Shah supported Muhammad Ghori to curb the activities of Hindu Rajputs who aggressively attack Muslim army of Muhammad Ghori. Due to influence of Mohazzam Shah alias Hazrat Baba Dhanni Pir, many non-Muslims of this area converted to Islam. The forefather of Dhanyal tribe was inspired by Syed Ali Hamdan alis Shah-i-Hamdan of Srinagar, Kashmir. Mohazzam Shah sacrifices his life with the battle of Hindu Dogra Rajputs in Kashmir in 13th century. Mohazzam Shah was the spiritual leader of Dhanyal, Satti and Abbasi tribes in the area of Murree Hills, plain area of Potohar and Kashmir.Hazrat Baba Dhanni Pir’s shrine is situated in Mouri Sayyaedan, a valley on Lehtrar Road, Islamabad, Pakistan. An Urs (annual death anniversary) is held every year in April at his shrine..
Martial Tradition :
Dhanyals are famous for their bravery. Members of this tribe were recruited into the armies of the Mughal Empire, British Empire and after Independence, into the Pakistan Army. Dhanyals in urban areas have turned to other fields as well, such as education, medicine, engineering, business and social sciences. The literacy rate of this tribe is 100%. Some members of Dhanyal tribe symbolize themselve as Raja which does not mean that the tribe is any offshot of Rajput – they are Alvi and Arab Muslims like Awan and Shaikh or Qureshi, Abbasi and Sayed. Some member of the tribe called themselves as Shah, it does mean that they are Sayed, it is proved that Dhanyals are non-fatimi descendants of Hazrat Ali Al-Murtaza (RA). Most of the historians do not recognized them and even in the era of british rule, they were counted as Rajput tribe in 1891, 1901, 1911 and 1931 census